Neglect, Emotional, Physical and Sexual abuse are all forms of trauma and are contributors to complex trauma. Verbal abuse includes belittling, criticizing, insults and threats. Emotional abuse includes bullying, demeaning and terrorizing. Emotional neglect includes shunning and withdrawing or withholding of love and affection, intentional social deprivation and/or isolation.
There are two types of addiction: 1. Chemical and 2. Process or Behavioral. Chemical addictions are addictions to substances such as alcohol, marijuana and other drugs. Process or Behavioral addictions are related to behaviors such as Food, Gambling, Pornography, Sex, Shopping, etc. Addictions are unhealthy but temporary adaptive coping strategies that people get stuck using to deal with the effects of trauma.
When an individual experiences one or more types of trauma consistently over time, it becomes compounded and cumulative in our minds and bodies…it becomes complex trauma, which is considered more severe and generally takes more time to heal.
Research in genetics over the past few decades has revealed that the experiences we have are coded in our DNA. This “Genetic Predisposition” research is called Epigenetics and continues to show just how much trauma experienced in one generation can manifest traumatic responses in later generations. This explains why some people describe seeing generational patterns of substance abuse, sexual abuse, self-harm, depression, anxiety and other disorders and how what they feel or what they think doesn’t seem to belong to them.
A natural response that our minds and bodies do to check out from, escape from or rest from people, places, situations or things that are stressful, fearful or reminiscent of trauma. Dissociation can become disruptive and severe, negatively impacting jobs, school, relationships and other roles and responsibilities.